Streets and Public Realm
Public realm is defined as the space between buildings which is freely and publicly accessible to all, it is the place where people should come together. It should connect people with each other and their environment. This is the space between and within buildings that is publicly accessible, including streets, squares, forecourts, parks and open spaces. More should be designed to meet the necessary demands of our lives whilst creating joy, delight and meaning through facilitating social interaction and cohesion.
The length of time an individual or a group spend in a place and how they use it can be directly linked to the quality of the environment they encounter. Successfully designed public spaces create safer and more attractive places for people to live, visit or invest in, bringing vitality to our places.
Features of public realm design
- Ensure spaces have good natural surveillance and are well-lit with lighting designs that consider the pedestrian experience.
- Spaces should be legible and free of The uncoordinated arrangement of street furniture, signs and other features. More, providing consistent materials, wayfinding and signage to aid accessibility
- Design spaces to provide opportunities to bring people together, promote sociability, well-being and a sense of community
- Deliver spaces that incorporate high quality hard and soft landscaping
- Provide adequate space for play, recreation, activities and events
- Incorporate multifunctional The collective name used for all furniture, fittings and objects in the external areas of buildings, landscapes and streets for the benefit of the public. This can include benches, post boxes, cycle stands, traffic lights, street lamps, traffic signs, outdoor sculptures, and waste bins that are seen on the street. More and avoid street clutter
- Introduce SuDS are a natural approach to managing drainage in and around properties and other developments. Sustainable drainage measures are ones which avoid adding to flood risks both at a development site and elsewhere in the catchment by replicating natural drainage processes. SuDS work by slowing and holding back the water that runs off from a site, alleviating flooding and allowing natural processes to break down pollutants. More wherever possible
Safety and Security
Applicants must demonstrate that in the design of public realm and streets they have created the right conditions for people to feel safe and secure, without the need for additional security measures.
Streets must be safe and well overlooked through a combination of movement methods, lighting and active land uses.
Principles of a safe public realm
Active ground floors
Building entrances from street
Complete lighting coverage
Principles of a well-lit public realm
Floor level down lighters
Shared street lights
Pedestrian light poles
Wayfinding and legibility
Pedestrian environments must be safe, accessible, legible and free of visual clutter, providing consistent materials, wayfinding and signage.
Street furniture must make a positive contribution to the public realm and reflect and enhance the allocated Area Type and the character of the Trafford Place where the site is located. A restricted palette of materials must be used for street furniture that is simple, usable, durable and easy to maintain. It must not create visual clutter or impede access.
Applicants must demonstrate that they have carefully considered the relationship of areas of public realm with the surrounding environment and take into account pedestrian and wheeling desire lines when laying out spaces and new developments
Areas of public realm must be designed to be fully accessible.
Principles of an accessible public realm
Guidance and regulations change. Refer to building regulations for full latest guidance
It has a surface width of at least 2m. Where space does not permit, a surface width of 1.8m or 1.5m with passing places may be acceptable.
Free from obstruction
Is free from obstructions that further reduce the surface width of the footway
It is free of obstructions to a height of 2.1m.
Its surface is firm, durable and slip resistant, with undulations not exceeding 3mm under a 1m straight edge for formless material.
Joints between paving units
Difference in level at joints between paving units. Joints filled flush: 5mm max wide; recessed: max 5mm deep and 10mm wide; unfilled: max 5mm wide.
Different surface materials
Where there are different materials along the access route, they have similar frictional characteristics.
The gradient along its length is either no steeper than 1:60 along its whole length, or less steep than 1:20 with level landings introduced for each 500mm rise of the access.
Cross-fall gradient of all paths no steeper than 1:40.