Trafford Design Code

Location and

Scale and
Plan and

Boundaries and Edges

Elevational Treatment

Tall Buildings

Boundaries and Edges


Well-designed places clearly define the boundaries for private, shared and public spaces, making it more likely that occupants will use, value and take ownership of them.

The impact of a site’s boundaries on the immediate surroundings and the way in which the building(s) interact with the edges and ground around the site should be considered at the outset as an integral part of the design. Boundary treatments should be integral to the design of the building and landscape.


Practical aspects of the site layout should not be overlooked. Strategies for fire and emergency access, cleaning, repairs, waste collection, and rooftop plant and equipment should be considered when planning the site. The design impact of these aspects should be fully considered and sensitively incorporated into the building design.

Features of tall building boundaries and edges

  • Well-articulated, active ground floors
  • Well landscaped sites with appropriate spacing between buildings
  • Contextually appropriate boundary treatments
  • Active boundaries
  • Hidden servicing and plant


Ground floor articulation

Principles of activating ground floor

Building is set back with an outdoor area for ground floor cafe

Building is set back at first floor to allow small terrace area for users above

The tall building overhangs at first floor to create a retail collonade 


Active ground floor uses

Examples of using active different land uses on ground floor

A variety of land uses can be used to activate ground floor and they should be mixed to ensure people activity throughout the day.

Offices and retail leisure units on bottom three floors. The first floor can overhang to create a covered collonade for certain uses.

Retail, cafes, restaurants or other leisure uses on bottom two floors of building with parking podium to rear


Offices on two ground floor levels with basement parking to allow access to rear communal area

Residential uses are possible on ground floor but should be set back to allow for private space between public boundary


Landscape coding requirements


Boundary treatments




Historic boundary treatments

Tall building boundaries and edges case studies

ARC, Sydney

ARC, Sydney by Koichi Takada Architects for Crown Group Arc is made up of two 26-storey, 80-meter high towers. The mixed-useA well-integrated mix of different

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Kingsland Road, London

Kingsland Road by Henley Halebrown for Thornsett This project combines an 11-storey apartment building providing 68 affordable homes and a 350-pupil primary school, with shops

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Egham Gateway

Egham Gateway master plan by Allford Monaham Morris Egham Gateway is a new mixed use development in the Runnymede borough of Surrey. Four mixed use

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Permeable paving options