New places are defined as large scale new or regenerated communities, usually requiring a new urban structure to be formed. This includes the pattern or arrangement of development blocks, the streets, buildings, open spaces and landscapes which make up urban areas. It is the interrelationship between these elements, rather than their particular characteristics, that bond together and make a place.
The urban structure is important as it lays the foundation for the detailed design that follows. When successful it provides a coherent framework which forms the basis of the design of individual elements bringing them together to create coherent, characterful and unique places.
The urban structure of each place will be subtly different and larger sites should be planned in a way that complements and responds to its strategic and immediate context. When planning New Places, a simple layered approach will deliver a successful masterplan which is holistic in its outcome.
Urban structure characteristics
- A clear movement framework;
- Careful consideration of density;
- Development should be informed by landscape-led Recognising the distinctiveness of individual locations in plans, policies and proposals, and responding accordingly. More principles;
- A range of local services and facilities, ideally within walking distance, or otherwise accessible public transport.
Where buildings are proposed around the edge of public open spaces, their principal elevations must provide an active frontage. Active frontages can include residential frontages, commercial or retail uses.
Examples of space definition
Principles of context led space enclosure
High rise, high density neighbourhoods or town centres; A ratio of 1:1 building height to street width
High density suburbs and town centres context; A ratio of 1:2 building height to street width
Low density new places and medium density suburb context; A ratio of 1:3 building height to street width
Low density residential context; A ratio of 1:4 building height to street width