Trafford Design Code

Type, Form and Profile

Plan and Layout


Elevation and Proportion

Materials and Detail

Parking and Garages

Threshold and Boundaries




All homes should be designed to be inclusive and accessible to all anticipated building users, regardless of the immediate needs of their occupants. Access to communal landscapes and facilities should not be compromised for those with mobility difficulties and they should not be made to feel excluded by poorly laid out designs.

Features of external environment of accessible houses

  • Firm and level pathway around edge of house
  • Stable pathway on both sides of drive and car parking spaces
  • Additional side entrance
  • Low or no threshold doors
  • Level hard surface in garden
  • Wide entrances to house
  • No change in level or slope where cars cross pavement
  • Wide and level pavement with firm stable surface materials
  • Paths and entrances protected from weather

Features of futureproof adaptable housing layouts

  • Consider how layout enables the changing mobility needs of occupants over time
  • Plan ground floor spaces that allow wheelchair access for occupants and visitors
  • Consider how ground floor spaces could be converted when stairs are no longer an option
  • Allow for all sanitary facilities to be expanded to allow for changing mobility access
  • Refer to building regulations for further guidance.


Accessibility standards


Accessible external footways

In this example, the approach to the house is through a gate and along a path that are sufficiently wide enough for wheelchair users. There is also a sufficiently sized turning circle space that allows users to manoeuvre when at the house entrance. The pathway is made from durable, firm and non-slip material and the entrance is protected from weather with a canopy.

Principles of an accessible approach to entrance

Footway width

Footways are at least 900mm wide

Forward slope

The approach route is level or gently sloped, no steeper than 1:60

Cross-fall slope

Maximum cross fall of 1:40 on footways


If ramps are required they should be designed in line with building regulations

Gate width

All gates or openings on footways are at least 900mm in width

External stairs

No stairways on approach to house whenever possible

Single steps

No single steps that can cause falls or access issues on footways

Surface material

All surfaces are firm, durable and slip resistant. Avoid loose materials. 


Accessible parking


In this example, the route between the parked car and the entrance is along a path that is sufficiently wide, and made of firm durable, and non-slip material. The parking bay surface is permeable paving and not suitable as an accessible path.  The house offers a second entrance on its side elevation. The entrances and paths are protected from the weather by a canopy.

Principles of accessible parking location

Side parking

Front parking

Street parking

Rear parking

Permeable paving options