Plan and Layout
The plan and internal layout of houses should provide a high standard of living accommodation for their occupants in terms of size, layout and daylight. Rooms should provide adequate space for their intended purpose and be capable of adaptation to support the changing needs of their occupants.
Features of housing plan and internal layout
- Internal layout must consider the visual impact on the external appearance of the building.
- Multiple Living spaces can comprise dining rooms, lounges, kitchens, children’s play areas, offices, libraries, recreational spaces. These rooms should be adequate size, well-lit and connected to the house. A kitchen combined with another use such as lounge / diner, will be considered a living space. More for larger properties
- Cross ventilation for through breezes across the house
- Dual aspect houses or apartments have been designed to have [openable] windows on two or more walls, allowing for increased levels of natural daylight, sunlight and cross ventilation. More allowing maximum light entering from both sides of house
- Ample storage spaces
- Any room used or intended to be used for sleeping, cooking, living or eating purposes. More orientated on elevation with maximum daylight
- Consider the flexibility of internal spaces with user
Nationally Described Space Standards
All dwellings must comply with the Nationally Described Space Standards as a minimum.
The calculator has adapted from from the Technical housing standards – nationally described space standard (March 2015) by the Department for Communities and Local Government
NB: the national space standards are subject to change and therefore the following calculator should be used only as a reference and refer to government source for official standards
Internal living environment
The internal layout of dwellings must be designed to optimise access to daylight, sunlight, outlook, privacy and ventilation and mitigate any noise transmission between habitable rooms.
A modern interpretation of the classic ‘Trafford twin’ achieves a number of objectives for internal layout including great natural daylight, well separated Any room used or intended to be used for sleeping, cooking, living or eating purposes. More and lots of cross ventilation
Princples of living environments
Cross ventilation; Dual aspect houses or apartments have been designed to have [openable] windows on two or more walls, allowing for increased levels of natural daylight, sunlight and cross ventilation. More windows allow natural breezes through the house
Natural Daylight; habitable rooms face south with large windows for daylight
Dual aspect dwellings
All houses must have openable windows on a minimum of two elevations.
Provision of living spaces
Provide two living spaces for dwellings with three or more bedrooms. Both rooms should have external windows.
Floor to ceiling heights
Floor to ceiling heights must be a minimum of 2.5 metres for at least 75% of the gross internal area.
External living environment
The applicant must demonstrate that all houses will be provided with private outdoor spaces that meet the functional needs and wellbeing of the occupiers.
The proposed layout must be informed by a site wide landscape strategy, that includes landscaping proposals, sustainable drainage systems and biodiversity net gain requirements which comply with the best practice guide and coding requirements set out in the ‘Landscape, Nature and Public Realm’ section of this code.
The layout of two storey dwellings must ensure that a minimum of 21 metres is provided between major facing windows across private gardens. For major facing windows across a highway, separation distances must accord with the context of the street and the established building line. A minimum separation distance of 15 metres between blank gables and habitable room windows must be provided.
Rear garden separation distances
A separation distance of 10.5 metres between main windows and rear garden boundaries must be provided.
Bins should be stored to the rear of the dwelling or where this is not possible, to the side. Bin storage to the front of dwellings will only be permitted if a well designed concealement solution, within a dedicated structure, is proposed. Waste collection vehicles must be able to get to within 10 metres of the collection point.
Houses plan and layout case studies
Longwood, Hale by Calderpeel Architects This property is well proportioned with elegant lines, cedar The details of a building are the individual components and how they are put together. Some are a deliberate part of the appearance of a building, including doors, windows and their surrounds, porches, decorative features and ironmongery. Others are functional, although they can also contribute to the appearance of a building. These include lighting, flues and ventilation, gutters, pipes and other rainwater details. Detailing affects the appearance of a building or space and how it is experienced. It also affects how well it weathers and lasts over time. More and large windows; blending well with the established period architecture