Parking and Garages
Residential parking solutions can be provided in a variety of ways. In well-designed places, vehicle parking does not dominate the All spaces and features which form the street environment, including buildings, street furniture, fittings and finishes and green infrastructure and open spaces. More. Applicants must consider the provision of car parking and should design it in conjunction with the code and guidance set out in the Landscaping and Nature Chapter of this Code.
Garages can provide valuable storage space to a dwelling and help conceal cars from view, however they offer little to the animation of buildings or the spaces around them. Their impact on the All spaces and features which form the street environment, including buildings, street furniture, fittings and finishes and green infrastructure and open spaces. More should be carefully thought through, ensuring that they appear secondary to the dwelling house and avoid placement on direct sight lines and vistas or on prominent corners.
Features of parking and garages
- Parking hidden to side of housing
- Landscape on front boundary
- Accessible path to entrance
- Electrical charging beside house
Front and side parking
Vehicle parking to the front and side of dwellings must be broken up with landscaping and must not dominate site frontages.
Examples of front and side parking
Vehicle parking to the front of dwellings must ensure that sufficient space is provided to accommodate landscaping, vehicle parking, a pedestrian pathway and boundary treatment.
Pavement cross-fall gradient
Where cars cross the pavement, there should be no change in level and cross fall gradient should not exceed 2%
Garage and carport parking
Detached garages and car ports must be set back from the principal facade of the dwelling and integral garages must not dominate the facades of dwellings. Both garage types must allow for sufficient space to accommodate a parked car in front of the garage. Parking must not dominate the site frontage and must be broken up with landscaping.
Example of garage car parking
- Adequate garage dimensions for cars
- Garage set back behind the principle building line of house
- Where cars cross the public realm there is no change in level or cross fall of the pavement
- Built and landscape boundary treatments delineate private space
- Permeable floor surface materials used for external parking space
Principles of garage design
Garage behind building line
Locate garages and car ports behind the principal building line.
Garage and car port dimensions
The minimum internal dimensions of a single garage or car port should be 6m x 3m. A garage created below these sizes will count as storage space only.
Courtyard parking must be well landscaped and allow for natural surveillance and easy access to the dwellings it serves.
Example of rear parking
Principles of rear car parking
Electrical charging points
Provide electrical charging points on rear boundaries when cars parked behind houses.
Access to house from rear boundary
There must be a clear, firm and stable route between rear car parking and an accessible entrance to house
Permeable surface materials
Use permeable paving for car parking surfaces whenever possible
Streets must be designed to accommodate on-street parking bays, trees and soft landscaping.
Example of on-street parking
- Street trees used ideally every double bay but no less than every 4 bays.
- Dropped kerbs to allow for wheelchair users to access disabled parking
- Built and landscape boundary treatment to delineate private and public space
- Change of materials used to show parking bay instead of painted lines
Principles of on-street parking
Where there is change of level between pavement and parking spaces, dropped kerbs should be provided.
Landscape including trees and hedgerow should be used where 4 or more street parking bays in row.