Trafford Design Code


Plan and Layout

Scale and Form





Servicing and Plant

Commercial and non-residential buildings



A well-proportioned elevation will be aesthetically pleasing, bring legibility and harmony to the building or series of buildings, and animate the street.


The building elevations help to express the character and style of the development and be designed as a response to the context. The principal building elevation should always face the street and include an active frontage.


Alongside the building form, scale and massing, the inclusion of an appropriate facade treatment is integral to animating building elevations.  Elevations should be visually interesting with rhythm and articulation, using fenestration and recessed and projecting elements to break up the mass of larger elevations.


Variation in facade treatment, materials and detailing should be used to provide visual breaks in the form and animate elements of the building effectively from all aspects.

Features of commercial elevations


Façade design

Basic principles of facade design

Composition of window openings

Proportion of window openings

Symmetry and repitition in facades



Active ground floor uses


Office building with ground floor offices and entrance

Office building with ground floor retail, cafe or other leisure

Hotel building with the restaurant of cafe facing public street

A retail building with offices facing public space on first floor

Industrial warehouse building with the office on public facing ground floor

A low office building with a small coffee shop or kiosk on frontage





Examples of office entrances

Examples of industrial entrances

Commercial elevation case studies

Regatta HQ

by Fletcher Rae Architects and One Environments for Regatta The conversion of an existing industrial warehousing into the  corporate head offices, provided an opportunity to

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ARC, Sydney

ARC, Sydney by Koichi Takada Architects for Crown Group Arc is made up of two 26-storey, 80-meter high towers. The mixed-useA well-integrated mix of different

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Clapham One

Clapham One by Studio Egret West The 12-storey building is formed of a series of curved, white masonry volumes that are articulated to break down

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Brentwood School

Brentwood School by Cottrell & Vermeulen Architecture A new, sheltering, spine threads together and brings sense to the disparate collection of buildings, sometimes manifest as

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125 Deansgate

125 Deansgate by Glenn Howells Architects A strikingly crafted 12-storey office building on a key Manchester thoroughfare, 125 Deansgate learns from the architectural ambition of

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Permeable paving options