Commercial and non-residential buildings
Plan and Layout
Proposals for clusters of new commercial, retail or other uses must be landscape-led and sited to allow for the creation of an attractive townscape that maximises active frontages, protects existing views whilst creating new ones, provides for Making journeys by physically active means like walking, wheeling or cycling, rather than motor vehicle. More routes, new public realm and tree planting.
Features of commercial plan and layout
- Buildings are sited in a manner to allow space for circulation routes and public realm
- Smaller and connected buildings create a finer grain with larger buildings integrated into the plan
- Network of public spaces
Building(s) must be sited in a manner that sufficient space is provided between buildings to allow for the appropriate provision of setbacks, circulation routes, amenity space, public realm, tree planting, soft landscaping and verges.
Urban greening factor
All commercial and non-residential projects must have a UGF score of over 0.3.
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Urban greening score factors of an office building
Commercial and non-residential developments must be designed around a landscape strategy which must seek to provide a landscape buffer at the interface of the site with the public realm, in addition to landscaping within the wider site, including car parks.
Landscape coding requirements
The applicant must demonstrate that the proposed layout has been informed by a site wide landscape strategy, that includes landscaping proposals, sustainable drainage systems and biodiversity net gain requirements which comply with the best practice guide and coding requirements set out in the ‘Landscape & Nature’ section of this code.
SuDS are a natural approach to managing drainage in and around properties and other developments. Sustainable drainage measures are ones which avoid adding to flood risks both at a development site and elsewhere in the catchment by replicating natural drainage processes. SuDS work by slowing and holding back the water that runs off from a site, alleviating flooding and allowing natural processes to break down pollutants. More
Buildings must provide active frontages that respond to one-another and the street.
Principles of commercial active fronts for an office building
Building is set back with an outdoor area for ground floor cafe
Building is set back at first floor to allow small terrace area for office staff
The office building overhangs at first floor to create a retail collonade
The office building has no set back and entrance is directly from public realm
The office building has no set back with a retail use on ground floor
The building is set back for car parking. This will allow be allowed if adequate space for paths and landscape is provided
When planning an estate or business park, developments must avoid cul-de-sacs and consider connectivity through the site and beyond.
This example of a business park shows how the The pattern of the arrangement of street blocks, plots and their buildings in a settlement. The degree to which an area’s pattern of blocks and plot subdivisions is respectively small and frequent (fine grain), or large and infrequent (coarse grain). Urban grain is a key component of defining the character of a place. More of smaller buildings are arranged around a network of connected circulation routes. This creates a series of spaces and numerous walking routes within and out of the development.